Gothic architecture. Representative pictures of Go

2022-07-22
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1. The concept of Gothic architecture. The word "Gothic" originated from "Gothic people". At the beginning, the word was a slander, referring to all rough and old things. However, in the 12th century, Gothic was no longer a slander, but was endowed with the connotation of Christian mysticism. Since then, it has existed as a noble and elegant art form. Rome is the center of Christianity in the middle ages, and Gothic architecture exists as a religious architecture. Therefore, Gothic architecture is deeply influenced by the form of Roman architecture. It can be said that Roman architecture is the matrix of Gothic architecture, but it is not only a reproduction of Roman architecture, but also a creative application and development of Roman architecture. At present, the world's famous Gothic buildings include Notre Dame de Paris in France, Notre Dame Cathedral in Russia and Milan Cathedral in Italy. 2 Gothic architectural features

(1) rich facade forms. Gothic architecture was officially defined as an official Church form by the Holy See shortly after its birth, so most gothic architecture is Latin cross plane. However, with the spread of Christianity around the world, Gothic churches around the world have been improved in combination with local architectural forms, so the facade of this kind of building has undergone dazzling changes

(2) minaret. In Gothic architecture, there must be spires. This is because the ground plane of Gothic architecture is "cross". The place where the "cross" intersects vertically and horizontally is the location of the altar, which is the focus of the building and must be highlighted, so there will be a high minaret on the facade to attract people's attention to this central point

(3) round window. Above the gate of Gothic architecture, we can always see the existence of a large round window. The form of round window has different characteristics in different periods: wheel type in the early stage, rose window in the middle stage, and flame window in the late stage. However, no matter what style of round window is, it is collectively referred to as rose window in Christianity, which means that angels constantly sprinkle rose petals around God to welcome the arrival of God

(4) painted glass. In addition to the round window above the gate, the windows of Gothic architecture are also much larger, and the glass of the windows is generally painted glass. This is because, in order to overcome the barriers to the spread of Christianity in language and culture, people will paint the stories in the Bible on the glass, so that anyone can understand the meaning of the Bible

3 Gothic architecture represents

(1) Notre Dame de Paris. When it comes to Gothic architecture, we have to mention Notre Dame de Paris, which is listed as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO. It can be said to be the first very mature Gothic architecture in the middle ages. The address of the church is located on the Seine River in Paris. Now it has become a famous tourist attraction. The church was started in 1163 and basically completed in 1245. It was the bishop Church of Catholic Paris at that time

(2) Milan Cathedral. It is one of the five major churches in the world. It is the largest church in Europe in the middle ages, which can accommodate 40000 people to hold religious activities at the same time. The whole church is made of white marble. The biggest feature of the church is its minaret part. There are 135 minarets in total, which are like thick Tallinn thorns, like the sky, sending electric waves to God

(3) Ulm church. Ulm church is located in Ulm, Germany. The biggest feature of this church is that it has a minaret up to 161.6 meters high. The minaret goes straight into the sky and is still the highest church building in the world. In addition, due to the late construction, the carving technology was basically mature at that time, so we can see that the carving on the wall surface is very exquisite and amazing

4 Gothic architecture pictures

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